"e. A simplified or idealized description or conception of a particular system, situation, or process (often in mathematical terms: so

"either a physical representation of mathematical concepts or a mathematical representation of reality. Physical mathematical models include reproductions of plane and solid geometric figures made of cardboard, wood, plastic, or other substances; models of conic sections, curves in space, or three-dimensional surfaces of various kinds made of wire, plaster, or thread strung from frames; and models of surfaces of higher order that make it possible to visualize abstract mathematical concepts."

Model Types:

- experimental
- logical
- mathematical/computational
- theoretical

- predictive models
- explanatory models
- prescriptive models

- simplicity
- clarity
- bias-free
- tractability

- analytical
- numerical
- observational

- physical
- mathematical
- conceptual

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